If you’ve already read our article on learning to draw , you’re ready for the next step! Here we present 7 professional techniques of how to draw well using pencil and paper. Immerse yourself in the universe of incredible realistic drawings, which look more like photographs.
And what will you learn by reading until the end?
Technique of the guidelines
Hair and hair styling
Technique for drawing the human face
Technique for wet effect
The technique to blur the drawing
But before … Do you know the virtual course of realistic drawings?
If you would like to be in direct contact with a recognized expert in realistic drawings, you should not miss the chance to enroll in Professor Charles Laveso’s online course and learn how to draw well.
How about being part of a community with thousands of designers, spread across Brazil and other countries?
Through video lessons and complementary activities, you will know the materials, the techniques and will have the accompaniment of teachers dedicated exclusively to accelerate your learning.
Follow the explanations step by step! It’s as if Charles Laveso himself was sitting next to him, holding in his hand and showing how to draw well in each stroke.
But now let’s fulfill our initial promise and detail each of the 7 professional techniques. Check out:
Guideline technique – Using a ruler, you will draw lines connecting points that you consider important in the figure to be drawn. Initially, do not worry about the measures to make the proportion, just identify the key points of the image and connect them in vertical and horizontal lines. Follow the example of the image:
The center of our face is the nose, this nose, where each of us to meet the most first gives the impression. We seem to be more balanced face it thanks to a beautiful nose,. Therefore, many people are interested in rhinoplasty and in fact do so. Before rhinoplasty are strongly advised to consult before performing the operation.
The operation is over buakn stop there, you must follow the guidance of a doctor and keep the operated portion. Preoperative treatment is very important, very important after the new operation.
What should be taken care of, let’s find out together with Wonjin.
First, During the recovery process can eat as usual Just try to avoid foods that are too spicy, salty, and oily because it can slow the recovery process.
Second, after the operation for a month is expected to not smoke and do not drink alcohol. As well advised to exercise the first light and not too heavy.
Third, Wash your face and make-up can be done the day after the release of the thread. Can go to the sauna one month later. Bathing can be done during the same day.
Fourth, after the operation you know will definitely swollen right? When sleep is great for keeping the position of the head 15 degrees so the swelling can be quickly dismounted. You can use 2 layers for bed pillows.
Fifth, after 2-3 days operation can use a cold compress on the forehead, eyes, cheeks, and surrounding areas. The swelling around 1-2 weeks can go down.
Sixth, do not blow their noses too fast because the silicon in the nose can move, and do not sleep on his stomach as well. Because it can interfere with the inside of the nose.
After surgery make sure you follow the instructions of the hospital. If you follow these instructions then the swellingalready will quickly go down and will quickly recover. If there is you want to ask, then it can directly ask to the hospital.
Plastic surgery is a medical action that focuses on the reconstruction or repair of defects and deficiencies in the patient’s physical function due to disease, injury, congenital diseases and surgery that ever lived, Jenny Mccarthy Surgery. The main objective of this action is to restore the function of the skin, skull and jaw structure of the face (maxillofacial), spinal muscular systems (musculoskeletal), breasts, legs and hands, and genitals through a surgical repair. Plastic surgery also includes the reconstruction of aesthetic and surgical measures that aim to improve the physical quality of the unwanted from normal body structures.
Advantages of Plastic Surgery
The advantage of plastic surgery can be classified into two main groups: profit improvement (reconstructive) and beauty (aesthetics). Those who benefit from this process include:
Those who have congenital abnormalities such as webbed fingers, birthmarks, and cleft lip
Those who have burns or other serious injuries caused by accidents or natural disasters
Those who suffer from a serious illness and had to undergo removal surgery, such as removal of a cancerous tumor from the breast or face
Those who want to increase your confidence by improving the balance and beauty of their bodies.
How Do Plastic Surgery
There are various techniques used in plastic surgery, that everything depends on the conditions when the surgery is performed. This action usually requires general or local anesthesia for pain control. The three most common methods are as follows:
Skin grafts – These actions involve removing healthy skin from the same area unaffected to then be used to cover the area of damaged skin or want to repair. Skin graft technique is usually used to cover large-sized wounds, burns, fractures, cleft lip and skin areas that had to be removed because of certain conditions such as cancer. Skin that has been prepared and then attached using staples, glue and surgical clips or sutures. Areas that have been affixed to the skin of the transplant is then closed for 5-7 days so that the wound dries out completely operating results.
Network Expansion – This technique involves stretching of the tissues around the area. The plastic surgeon will insert a tool resembling a balloon to the bottom layer of the skin, which then will be filled with salt water to make the skin becomes tenuous. Once is enough, the tool will be pulled out, and the new network will be placed at the site to replace skin that is damaged or missing.
Surgical Cover – Generally done in surgery for breast and cleft lip plastic surgery method involves the transfer of the network, complete with a number of major blood vessels, from one part of the body to other body parts. It works similar to a skin graft technique, but this technique has a greater chance of success because the blood supply is provided directly by the new tissue implanted in the damaged section.
The third addition to the above techniques, there are a lot of plastic surgery methods available, such as imitations or prosthetic devices, suction (closed-suction), and cream disguises that may be used by plastic surgeons depending on the condition and needs of the patient.
When Is The Right to Meet Plastic Surgery Physicians
If you have a birth defect or disease, or had suffered burns, trauma, or injury that causes one part of your body is not working properly, or if you want one part of your body look more attractive, then that’s the right time to meet with a plastic surgeon. For your safety and best results, it is important for you to see a specialist who is certified and has been working in the field in the hospital for five to seven years. Physicians should a post graduate degree in general surgery and two years of experience in the field of plastic surgery to get a license to carry out plastic surgery. In addition to, they also have to go through additional training to be able to perform surgery in accordance with aesthetic value. Cosmetic surgical training can also be given by a doctor who has a background in the medical field in addition to plastic surgery.
Plastic surgery vs surgery Beauty
Plastic surgery is much different from cosmetic surgery. Plastic surgery is an act of general repair and reconstruction of defects of the face and body caused by birth defects, burns, trauma, and disease. Cosmetic surgery, on the other hand, is a specialized branch of plastic surgery that is only done to beautify the appearance of the patient, including the patient’s face and body made to be symmetrical, proportioned, and attractive despite the dissected body parts do not have the disorder or any damage at all.
Some of the types of reconstructive surgery, among others:
Surgical scar revision
Reconstruction of the lower limbs
Repair of congenital defects: cleft lip and defects of the hands and feet
Surgical repair of burns
Reconstruction of soft defects
Reconstruction after trauma to the head, neck and other body
Some of the types of actions facelift include:
Facial rejuvenation using lasers or other light therapy
Facial rejuvenation using Botox or other injectable drugs
The elevation nose
Chin or cheek enlargement
Overall facial skin tightening
Formation of the body: Abdominal Surgery (Tummy Tuck), liposuction (traditional or modern) and the action of body building back
Enlargement, reduction, or breast firming beauty
Side Effects and Risks of Plastic Surgery
Just like other types of surgery, plastic surgery also has certain risks and complications. Level of risk depends on several factors including the level of experience of the surgeon, the surgical methods used, and the patient’s health condition. Before undergoing any process, it is important for you to discuss about all the possible risks of the surgical process that will be undertaken as well as the way out when things are going with your surgeon. Some of the complications that may occur include:
Bleeding, which may require a blood transfusion if severe enough
The pain and discomfort, which can be treated with painkillers
Infection, which can be treated with antibiotics after surgery
Scars, which will disappear by itself
Planting of graft failure, which requires further surgery
Skin graft failure, which also require further surgery
Patients should also be monitored carefully after the surgery is completed. If you experience pain, swelling, or discharge, or side effects beyond what has been outlined above, then you should immediately contact your surgeon.
University of Michigan Health System, Reconstructive Burn Surgery
American Society of Plastic Surgeons, Reconstructive Procedures
Melvin Shiffman, Cosmetic Surgery: Art and Techniques
Isabella Mazzola, Plastic Surgery: Principles
Stephen Lock, et. al., The Oxford Illustrated Companion to Medicine
There are both preventive and curative techniques to de-stress, but most therapy or meditation takes a lot of time for it to actually work.
Here are some quick ways to quickly relax and beat stress:
Counting down-when you feel the wound slightly up, just try to count back from 10 to 1. It helps to slowly calm the body and mind, making you feel calmer.
Do something you love-love to play guitar or paint? Studies have shown that people who regularly engaged in hobbies they are less likely to feel stressed. Creativity stimulates the brain and produces endorphins or the feel good hormone, which increases the level of serotonin in the body. In layman’s terms, is involved in a creative hobby instruct the brain to feel happy.
Talking with someone you love-Most people keep everything hidden in it, which adds to their worries. Talk about your problems with someone you trust and who can give advice. Even if you do not want to share your problem, try to make a healthy conversation with someone whose company you enjoy. Pick up the phone and call a friend you have not talked to year, or have a regular conversation with your grandmother.
Turn off and unplug-Technology has been a big part of all our lives even at the cost of our health. It’s okay to disconnect from the virtual world once in a while and just concentrate on your actual surroundings.
Laugh a lot-Forcing yourself to laugh in the face of stress is the basis of laughter therapy. Beginners find it difficult to get used to voluntarily invoking laughter, try watching a comedy or a drama. Also, there are a number of outrageously funny videos on the internet that will make you howl with laughter
Cook something-In the survey, one out of five people say that their favorite way to beat stress is to walk straight into the kitchen. If you are angry or stressed just cut out some food as take your mind off things and also the aroma of herbs and spices have a therapeutic effect on the body and mind.
Oh and while you are in the kitchen, pop in a piece of dark chocolate cocoa rich in anti-oxidants and have a calming effect.
Go for a run-Exercising will fill your mind and body and directs the brain to release endorphins. The next time you feel a little tired, go for a run, run on the treadmill, talking a brisk walk, go swimming or just challenge yourself to rigorous exercise.
Daydream-This technique may be a tad bit hard at first, but with meditation, you will learn how to imagine a rosy picture when you are feeling a little wired. To make it more effective, see if you can get a pictorial representation of your daydreams as that tends to strengthen you further imagine.
You spend some of your most sacred moments in the bathroom. Why not make it a haven of peace with these all-natural cleaning products?
1. Non-toxic bathroom cleaner
This great cleanser thoroughly cleans any bathroom surface. It cuts in soap scum and mildew as well as any commercial bathroom product and costs only a few cents.
375 g (1 cup and 2/3) of baking soda
1/2 cup (125 mL) liquid soap
125 ml (1/2 cup) of water
30 ml (2 tablespoons) white vinegar
1 clean spray bottle with 500 ml (16 oz) closure cap.
Mix the baking soda and liquid soap in a bowl. Dilute with water and add the vinegar. Stir the mixture with a fork until all pieces have dissolved.
Pour the liquid into the bottle. Shake well before use.
Sprinkle the product on the area to be cleaned. Rub with a sponge with a nylon side. Rinse with water. Close with the cap between each use.
2. Shower Head Cleaner
Use this “explosive” mix to blow up mineral deposits that block your showerhead. No need for a plumber at $ 75 an hour to clean your showerhead.
Use this recipe to do it yourself:
50 g (1/4 cup) of baking soda
250 ml (1 cup) vinegar
1 plastic sandwich bag
Tape or a large bag tie.
Pour baking soda and vinegar into the bag over a sink. Wait a minute or two until the contents stop foaming, then place the open end of the bag over the showerhead, which should be immersed in the solution.
Secure the bag to the showerhead with tape or bag tie. Soak the showerhead in the solution for one to two hours. Wipe the shower with a soft cloth.
3. Nontoxic rust remover
Commercial scavengers are some of the most toxic compounds that can be found in a home. But here’s an absolutely safe and surprisingly effective way to remove rust stains from bathtubs and sinks.
1 lime (a second may be needed for some spots)
50 g (1/4 cup) of salt.
Squeeze the lime on the rust stains, then cover the wet area with salt.
Allow the mixture to penetrate for three to four hours.
Use a nylon sponge to scrub and remove the mixture. The rust will be gone.
4. Non-toxic toilet bowl cleaner
Clean and disinfect your bowl with no harmful chlorine! To avoid the need to scrub, simply pour this mixture and let it sit overnight. No commercial product makes weight, whatever its price.
250 g (1 cup) of borax
125 ml (1/2 cup) white vinegar.
Shoot to wet the sides of the bowl.
Sprinkle the borax around the toilet bowl and sprinkle with vinegar.
Do not use your toilet for three to four hours before scrubbing with a toilet brush.
5. More powerful toilet cleaner
For stubborn stains, try this powerful paste that still does not contain chlorine and costs much less than commercial toilet bowl cleaners.
150 g (2/3 cup) of borax
75 ml (1/3 cup) lemon juice.
In a small bowl, mix the ingredients to form a paste.
Apply the paste to the toilet bowl with a sponge or cloth. Let the dough rest for two hours, then rub to remove.
Shoot the hunt.
Commercial drainers are not only extremely toxic, they can also really hurt the pipes in your home when used repeatedly.
Do not bother with these caustic cleaners; use this simple, inexpensive and safe unclogging tool instead.
125g (1/2 cup) baking soda
250 ml (1 cup) vinegar
1 kettle filled with boiling water.
Fill the siphon with baking soda, then pour the vinegar.
Let the siphon cover for 10 minutes, then rinse with boiling water.
Solve the most common minor bathroom issues with these all-natural, easy-to-run solutions.
Your clothes say a lot about who you are, so why not give them a royal cleansing treatment with these great laundry tips?
This basic detergent cleans clothes as well as branded commercial cleaners at exorbitant prices; it costs just a lot less.
125 g (1/2 cup) of soap flakes
125g (1/2 cup) baking soda
50 g (1/4 cup) of soda lye
50 g (1/4 cup) of borax
1 clean plastic container of 500 ml (16 oz) with a lid.
To make soap flakes, lightly grate a bar of pure soap on a coarse grain grater.
Mix all the ingredients in a bowl. Keep in a tightly closed plastic container.
Use about 125g (1/2 cup) of the mixture instead of a detergent in each machine.
Stains are always easier to remove if you treat them before they settle (the sparkling water is perfect for removing many types of stains before they dry). You can also use other household ingredients to remove many types of common stains.
75 ml (1/3 cup) light household ammonia
1/2 cup (125 mL) white vinegar
50 g (1/4 cup) of baking soda
30 ml (2 tablespoons) liquid Castile soap
1.5 L (1 quart and 1/2) of water
1 1/2 L (1/2 gallon) clean recycled plastic container
1 clean spray of 500 ml (16 oz).
Mix all ingredients in a two-liter (half-gallon) container. Pour some of the solution into the spray bottle. Shake well before each use.
Spray the liquid on the stain and let sit for three to five minutes. Wash as you are used to.
Here’s a simple recipe to keep your tissues soft and fluffy. It is much softer for your clothes than commercial softeners, and much nicer for your wallet.
50 g (1/4 cup) of baking soda
125 ml (1/2 cup) white vinegar.
Fill the washing machine with water.
Add the baking soda and then the clothes.
During the final rinse cycle, add the vinegar (pour it into the fabric softener dispenser if your washing machine has one).
Vinegar: a softener, and much more
Who would have guessed that a single cup of a basic everyday product – white vinegar – which costs about 25 cents, could do all that a fabric softener, a color guard, a disinfectant and a bleaching agent can do? make?
Simply add 250 milliliters (one cup) of white distilled vinegar to the rinse cycle of your washing machine, and it will wash off all the bacteria, retain the color of the newly dyed fabrics, and prevent the clothes from being covered with lint. and static electricity, it will lighten the small loads of white clothes and it will eliminate the need for softeners.
If you find mildew on your luggage or expensive leather jacket, do not run to your laundress. Instead, remove this unwanted presence with this inexpensive anti-mold recipe.
125ml (1/2 cup) of rubbing alcohol
1/4 cup (50 mL) water
1 clean spray of 250 ml (8 oz).
Put all the ingredients in the spray bottle and shake well to mix.
Spray the affected area. Let the solution sit for 10 to 20 minutes, then wipe off the mildew with a clean cloth and let the affected object dry completely in the open air.
Disinfectant washing machine
It’s not because your washing machine sees so much soap and water that it does not get dirty. Use this simple recipe to disinfect it twice a year. This rinse also removes some of the limescale that accumulates from the pipes of your washing machine.
500 ml (2 cups) white vinegar
500 ml (2 cups) bleach.
Fill your washing machine with water, then add the vinegar. Soak for one hour, then restart it and let it run for a full cycle.
Repeat the process using bleach.
Do you want to have clean clothes? So, do not forget to take care of your washing machine!
Would you like your car to be clean and bright like the first day, but without costing you a fortune? Easy, thanks to these house cleaning products.
Basic cleaner for the car
Regular cleaning is expensive, and the results are never as good as a house cleaning. This soap is ruthless for dirt, but soft for the car and wallet.
125 ml (1/2 cup) of mild dish soap
125 g (1/2 cup) of baking soda
3.75 l hot water
Mix the ingredients in a clean four-liter container. Shake until all the baking soda has dissolved.
To use, pour 250 ml (one cup) of the solution into a bucket of hot water.
Shampoo for the interior of the car
This shampoo can be used as often as needed to refresh the most used interior fabrics. It is much cheaper than commercial cleaners, and is just as effective.
90 g (6 tablespoons) of soap flakes
25 g (2 tablespoons) of borax
475 ml (1 3/4 cup) of boiling water
To make soap flakes, gently grate a bar of pure soap with a cheese grater.
In a large bowl, combine the soap flakes and borax. Add water gradually, stirring to completely dissolve dry ingredients.
Let cool, then whisk in foam with an egg beater.
Apply dry foam on textile surfaces, paying particular attention to stains. Wipe quickly with a damp sponge.
Cleaner for vinyl and leather interior surfaces
Give a new luster to the vinyl or leather inside the car with this freshly scented varnish.
30 ml (2 tablespoons) of vegetable oil soap
50 ml (1/4 cup) of olive oil
5 ml (1 teaspoon) lemon essential oil (available at aromatherapy or natural product stores)
Mix the ingredients in a small bowl, and apply with a sponge.
Wipe with a soft cloth.
Pa need to buy a commercial washer. Keep in the trunk a vaporizer filled with our solution, as well as old newspapers. This product will also prevent the formation of steam and frost on the windshield.
750 ml (3 cups) of glycerin
250 ml (1 cup) of rubbing alcohol
500 ml (2 cups) water
1 bottle of 1 l with spray, clean
Mix the liquid ingredients in the spray bottle and shake well before using.
Wipe with newspapers.
Then wipe with a damp cloth to remove the solution from the wipers and rubber or plastic gaskets – prolonged contact with alcohol may damage them.
If you have old cabinets, this cleaning solution will deodorize them while removing dust and dirt:
1 cup (250 mL) light household ammonia
250 ml (1 cup) white vinegar
50 g (1/4 cup) of baking soda
3.75 L (1 gallon) hot water
Mix ammonia, vinegar and baking soda in a large bucket. Add water and stir.
Use a sponge or cloth to wash the walls, ceilings, floors or cabinets.
Wipe the excess liquid with a clean cloth and let it dry completely before replacing content.
2. Cleaner interior walls
The scuff marks and stains on your wallpapers always seem to magically appear. This powerful cleaner will remove without damaging your paint:
125 g (1/2 cup) borax
15 ml (1 c) of clear ammonia
50 ml (1/4 cup) of vinegar
3.75 L (1 gallon) of hot water
In a large bucket, mix all ingredients.
Apply the solution on the wall with a clean sponge. Use a second clean sponge to wash the wall with water.
To minimize scratches, start with the bottom of the wall going up.
3. Herbal Rug Sanitizer
Many room air fresheners or commercial carpets help to mask odors by smothering the nerves associated with your sense of smell. To really refresh your carpets, try this natural and inexpensive formula instead. (If you do not like the smell of lavender, you can also refresh your carpets with baking soda).
125 g (1/2 cup) lavender flowers
250 g (1 cup) of baking soda
In a large bowl, crush the lavender flowers to release their fragrance.
Add the baking soda and mix well. Pour the mixture into a cheese sprinkler or tin can with holes drilled in the lid.
Sprinkle liberally on the carpet. Wait 30 minutes, then vacuum.
4. Spicy carpet freshener
Give a good smell to your room while refreshing your carpets with this simple mixture:
250 g (1 cup) of baking soda or cornstarch
7 to 10 drops of essential oil with your favorite fragrance (eucalyptus or rosewood, for example).
In a large bowl, mix cornstarch or baking soda with essential oil. Eliminate the lumps with a fork and mix well. For the mixture into a cheese shaker or a tin with holes drilled in the lid.
Sprinkle liberally on the carpet. Wait 30 minutes, then vacuum.
5. Cleaner pine floors
You should not need to spend a small fortune to give your no-wax floors a good smell of fresh pine.
This excellent cleanser will do it for only pennies per floor. Soap flakes are not easy to find, at least not, it will only take a minute or two.
125 g (1/2 cup) of soap flakes
50 g (1/4 cup) of sodium hydroxide solution
250 g (1 cup) of salt
500 ml (2 cups) of water
10 mL (2 tsp.) Tall oil
1 clean plastic bottle with a sealed cap 500 ml (16 oz)
250 ml (1 cup) of white vinegar.
To make soap flakes, grate a little pure soap bar on a coarse grater kitchen.
In a saucepan over low heat, mix the soap, lye, salt and water and stir until soap, soda and salt are dissolved.
Remove from heat and let the mixture cool until it is lukewarm. Add pine oil. Stir well, for the plastic bottle and close it.
To use, for 30-45 ml (two or three tablespoons) of the cleaner in a bucket of hot water, stirring well. For larger areas, you may need to double the amount.
After cleaning, add a bucket of water and rinse the floor.
Most businesses start small enough, and over time, planning and investment begin to grow. With yours is no different.
After all, you work for it. Finding out how to make a business work out is the dream of ten out of ten entrepreneurs.
Obviously, there is no ready recipe. It all depends on the type of business, your entrepreneur profile, the market conditions at the moment, and especially your managerial skills.
What about some very important tips to ensure the success of your business? Check it out and make your business work!
1- Always study
These skills are not cream. But they can be acquired and depend solely on your effort.
Study the market, study the competition, study your company. Read a lot, take entrepreneurship and management courses. This way you can discover more efficient ways to manufacture your product or provide your service.
Or, find a market gap, see an opportunity. Whatever the branch of your business, it is important that you know the processes deeply.
2- Be prepared to do business management
Managing means knowing scenarios, making decisions. But to make decisions safely, you need to be in possession of as much information as possible.
Being an entrepreneur does not just mean producing and selling. When you own your own business you have to deal with bureaucratic issues; those necessary to comply with labor and tax legislation.
What is your level of knowledge about these subjects? It may seem incredible, but, a lot of people start a business of their own without knowing what taxes affect their activity.
Nowadays, there is a plethora of programs and software aimed at the administration’s own activities. Almost everything can be automated.
You no longer have to waste time controlling inventory or resources with a disorganized billing system. Several other activities can be automated: issuing invoices and financial control.
Automation can also be an important ally of sales. It favors the tracking of orders, returns, exchanges, and integration with inventory, allowing the seller to have real-time information on product availability.
4. Make technology an ally
Automate activities, save on labor. This way, you can direct time and effort to what really matters: make the company grow.
5 – Encourage cooperation in your employees
A key factor in the success of your company is the employees. After all, there is little point in having the right structure, the best idea of a product or service, and even a guaranteed demand, if the performance of your team suffers.
Engage your employees. To do so, have a people management strategy that values cooperation and entrepreneurship.
It is foolish to think that only large companies have the need to worry about managing their people. No need for expensive and expensive solutions. Invest in training, encourage and reward good results. Create a positive atmosphere in the work environment. Encourage and support the personal development of your employees.
6- Trigger Effective Marketing Strategies
It is foolish to think that it is expensive to invest in marketing and that this is beyond the reach of small businesses. Today, it is possible to develop an effective marketing strategy without spending too much.
If you receive customers in your company or have a point of sale, for example, stay tuned: you can use your space to communicate your offers and promotions. For this, make use of posters, banners, banners and totems.
Caprica in the window, in the choice of colors and lighting. Be present in social networks, after all, that’s where most people are.
7- Interact with your current and potential customers
Mind, though, that for all this effort is worthwhile, your business needs to make a profit. After all, it is he who will guarantee its existence and give the necessary conditions for its growth. Now that you already know how to make a business work, let’s get to work. Source: thebalance.com
What’s your recipe for a business to work out? What are the growth prospects for your company? How do you prepare for it? Write a review below!
We are then preparing a trip by car. We have already decided whether we are going to travel alone or together, we have been preparing travel plans and we have discovered what documents to take. It’s time to know what care to take to prepare the car for the trip.
There are many people who have some fear of taking the car to great trips, especially if this already has many kilometers. In fact, driving long distances on the road is better for the automobile than driving on a day-to-day basis in large cities. Because the speed is more constant, this type of driving is less demanding for mechanical organs like the engine, the clutch, the gearbox, etc.
In any case, before embarking on a trip, it is absolutely essential that you make some checks so as not to risk standing in a distant country without knowing what to do and regretting not having prepared everything in advance. So it’s best to start early.
Two to four weeks before leaving
See, in the book of revisions, when it’s the next scheduled review. If you are only a few kilometers away, consider making it earlier, to travel more quietly. Also check how many kilometers you need to change important wear parts, such as the air filter or timing belt. Before my big trip ( Europe travel ) I replaced the latter, although there were still 10,000 kilometers to go.
If you still have a lot of time left for the next review, you can check the car at the brand’s garage (there are many that occasionally do it for free), in some large chain stores (such as Midas, which also does it for free). , for example, you are a member of the ACP or you have the Youth Card) or your reliable mechanic.
It is important that either of the two points mentioned above be treated with such 2 to 4 weeks in advance, so as to be able to confirm whether any repairs made and replaced parts allow the car to operate in the best conditions.
If you go to an area with a very hot or very cold climate make sure you have the correct mixture of water and antifreeze. If you think you need to replace the radiator, do so now.
Check the tires.
The legal minimum tread depth of the tires is 1.6 mm but it is always wise to do much more than that for safety reasons. At a speed reduction from 80 km / h to 0 a car equipped with 8 mm track tires has a braking distance of 43 meters. The same car with tires with a track of less than 1.6 mm can get to take 73 meters to stop completely. Now imagine if it is faster or wet and slippery … Also, see if the tire wear is uniform. If you are spending more than one side than another, you should have them calibrated and / or aligned. It is not worth risking because, do not forget, it will do many kilometers that will wear out your tires too. If you can investigate and do as I do when traveling by car to Andorra(on departure for the trip through Europe) I took the opportunity to spend in Spain and buy a cheaper set of tires.
The tire pressure is also very important because, if insufficient, the car will consume more fuel (see fuel prices ) and security may be compromised. See the instruction manual (or in some cases on the door or inside the fuel tank cap) what is the recommended pressure for your car for the weight you intend to take. Preferably, check the pressure at a tire shop and not at a service station because the tire’s equipment is often unbalanced. Always do this with your tires cool.
The above recommendations also apply to the spare tire. See if you are fit and have the right pressure. Make sure you have the keys, the jack and (if applicable) the safety nut adapter.
Make sure you have the car manual in the glove compartment or the pockets behind the driver’s and passenger’s seats. If the manual has disappeared it is a good idea to consider asking for a new one or to print the .pdf version that some manufacturers make available on their websites.
Check the validity dates of the car documents : Single Car Document (DUA) or booklet and registration of property. It is essential that you have the insurance up to date and that it covers the countries where you plan to travel. To know this is enough to see the back of the green card. If you are planning to enter an uncovered country, simply pay your insurance company an extension of coverage for the days in question. In principle, you can also make temporary insurance on the border of that country. That’s what I did the two times I’ve been to Morocco. Preferably, make copies of all documentation in case your car is stolen and place them in a location other than the originals (these should be in your wallet rather than in the car itself). Read more about this in my post on documents necessary to travel.