The carrot (Daucus carota sativus) is one of the most popular vegetables in the world. In addition to the primary roots, which are eaten raw or are used in many types of culinary recipes, the leaves can also be consumed, although their consumption is less common.
For a good development of the carrot, one must plant it in a place of high luminosity, with direct sun, but it tolerates to grow in the shade since the luminosity is good, the ideal temperatures for its growth are between 16 ° C and 22 ° W.
The carrot needs to be grown in a soil without rocks, ideally, the soil is deep, light, rich in organic matter, fertile and well drained. Heavy clayey soils can also produce reasonable harvests, provided they are not compacted and do not become soaked during the growing season.
This plant needs a good water supply, but the soil should not remain soaked because excess water can favor rotting roots or disease.
The seeds should be sown directly in the garden, at a planting depth of 0.5 cm to 1 cm and their germination usually occurs between one and three weeks.
The recommended spacing varies according to the cultivar and cultivation conditions, but most of the cultivars are cultivated with a spacing of 15 to 30 cm between planting lines and 5 to 10 cm between plants. Another recommendation is not to leave invading plants with the planting of the carrot, as these end up hampering its development.
The beginning of the harvest can occur between 60 and 120 days. Do not delay the harvest much, as the roots become fibrous and have a less pleasant taste. To get fresh carrots continuously, plant carrots every two to three weeks.