What is a Plastic Surgery: An Overview

Definition and Overview

Plastic surgery is a medical action that focuses on the reconstruction or repair of defects and deficiencies in the patient’s physical function due to disease, injury, congenital diseases and surgery that ever lived, Jenny Mccarthy Surgery. The main objective of this action is to restore the function of the skin, skull and jaw structure of the face (maxillofacial), spinal muscular systems (musculoskeletal), breasts, legs and hands, and genitals through a surgical repair. Plastic surgery also includes the reconstruction of aesthetic and surgical measures that aim to improve the physical quality of the unwanted from normal body structures.

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Advantages of Plastic Surgery

The advantage of plastic surgery can be classified into two main groups: profit improvement (reconstructive) and beauty (aesthetics). Those who benefit from this process include:

  • Those who have congenital abnormalities such as webbed fingers, birthmarks, and cleft lip
  • Those who have burns or other serious injuries caused by accidents or natural disasters
  • Those who suffer from a serious illness and had to undergo removal surgery, such as removal of a cancerous tumor from the breast or face
  • Those who want to increase your confidence by improving the balance and beauty of their bodies.

How Do Plastic Surgery

There are various techniques used in plastic surgery, that everything depends on the conditions when the surgery is performed. This action usually requires general or local anesthesia for pain control. The three most common methods are as follows:

  • Skin grafts – These actions involve removing healthy skin from the same area unaffected to then be used to cover the area of damaged skin or want to repair. Skin graft technique is usually used to cover large-sized wounds, burns, fractures, cleft lip and skin areas that had to be removed because of certain conditions such as cancer. Skin that has been prepared and then attached using staples, glue and surgical clips or sutures. Areas that have been affixed to the skin of the transplant is then closed for 5-7 days so that the wound dries out completely operating results.
  • Network Expansion – This technique involves stretching of the tissues around the area. The plastic surgeon will insert a tool resembling a balloon to the bottom layer of the skin, which then will be filled with salt water to make the skin becomes tenuous. Once is enough, the tool will be pulled out, and the new network will be placed at the site to replace skin that is damaged or missing.
  • Surgical Cover – Generally done in surgery for breast and cleft lip plastic surgery method involves the transfer of the network, complete with a number of major blood vessels, from one part of the body to other body parts. It works similar to a skin graft technique, but this technique has a greater chance of success because the blood supply is provided directly by the new tissue implanted in the damaged section.

The third addition to the above techniques, there are a lot of plastic surgery methods available, such as imitations or prosthetic devices, suction (closed-suction), and cream disguises that may be used by plastic surgeons depending on the condition and needs of the patient.

When Is The Right to Meet Plastic Surgery Physicians
If you have a birth defect or disease, or had suffered burns, trauma, or injury that causes one part of your body is not working properly, or if you want one part of your body look more attractive, then that’s the right time to meet with a plastic surgeon. For your safety and best results, it is important for you to see a specialist who is certified and has been working in the field in the hospital for five to seven years. Physicians should a post graduate degree in general surgery and two years of experience in the field of plastic surgery to get a license to carry out plastic surgery. In addition to, they also have to go through additional training to be able to perform surgery in accordance with aesthetic value. Cosmetic surgical training can also be given by a doctor who has a background in the medical field in addition to plastic surgery.

Plastic surgery vs surgery Beauty
Plastic surgery is much different from cosmetic surgery. Plastic surgery is an act of general repair and reconstruction of defects of the face and body caused by birth defects, burns, trauma, and disease. Cosmetic surgery, on the other hand, is a specialized branch of plastic surgery that is only done to beautify the appearance of the patient, including the patient’s face and body made to be symmetrical, proportioned, and attractive despite the dissected body parts do not have the disorder or any damage at all.

Some of the types of reconstructive surgery, among others:

  • breast reconstruction
  • hand surgery
  • Surgical scar revision
  • Reconstruction of the lower limbs
  • Repair of congenital defects: cleft lip and defects of the hands and feet
  • Surgical repair of burns
  • Reconstructive microsurgery
  • Reconstruction of soft defects
  • Reconstruction after trauma to the head, neck and other body

Some of the types of actions facelift include:

  • Facial rejuvenation using lasers or other light therapy
  • Facial rejuvenation using Botox or other injectable drugs
  • The elevation nose
  • Facelift ear
  • Chin or cheek enlargement
  • Overall facial skin tightening
  • Formation of the body: Abdominal Surgery (Tummy Tuck), liposuction (traditional or modern) and the action of body building back
  • Enlargement, reduction, or breast firming beauty

Side Effects and Risks of Plastic Surgery

Just like other types of surgery, plastic surgery also has certain risks and complications. Level of risk depends on several factors including the level of experience of the surgeon, the surgical methods used, and the patient’s health condition. Before undergoing any process, it is important for you to discuss about all the possible risks of the surgical process that will be undertaken as well as the way out when things are going with your surgeon. Some of the complications that may occur include:

  • Bleeding, which may require a blood transfusion if severe enough
  • The pain and discomfort, which can be treated with painkillers
  • Infection, which can be treated with antibiotics after surgery
  • Scars, which will disappear by itself
  • Planting of graft failure, which requires further surgery
  • Skin graft failure, which also require further surgery

Patients should also be monitored carefully after the surgery is completed. If you experience pain, swelling, or discharge, or side effects beyond what has been outlined above, then you should immediately contact your surgeon.

references :

  • University of Michigan Health System, Reconstructive Burn Surgery
  • American Society of Plastic Surgeons, Reconstructive Procedures
  • Melvin Shiffman, Cosmetic Surgery: Art and Techniques
  • Isabella Mazzola, Plastic Surgery: Principles
  • Stephen Lock, et. al., The Oxford Illustrated Companion to Medicine

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